The Indian Removal Act was an act passed by Andrew Jackson and his Congress on May 28th, 1830. What this law allowed was for the president, at the time it was Andrew Jackson, to simply demand that the Indians be removed from whatever land they were currently on and pushed westward. Officially, the law says that it allows the president to negotiate with the Indians for their removal, but for the most part Andrew Jackson simply forced them out.
For the most part, the general public was accepting of this law and wanted to use the land for personal benefit, but certain groups of people such as Christian missionairies protested the law and did not feel it was right. The Indians, of course, had no desire to leave their homeland, but as they had very little say in the matter, their opinions were not valued, and they were forced out of their homes further and further westward.
Indian Removal Act Document
This document shows the Indian Removal Act, written on paper.